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May 10th
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Home Global Activities America Aid to Haiti - Republic of Haiti at a Glance

Aid to Haiti - Republic of Haiti at a Glance

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Republic of Haiti at a Glance
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Republic of Haiti at a Glance

  • Sharing the Caribbean island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic, Haiti has an area of 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 square miles) and a population of about nine million people.
  • About 40 percent of the population are younger than 14 years old, and 50 percent are illiterate. The majority of Haitians are Catholic.
  • Haiti was the first independent nation in Latin America (from France in 1804), and it is the only French-speaking nation in Central and South Americas. However, the lack of an effective democratic system has led the nation to chronic political instability and social unrest. United Nations peace-keeping forces have been stationed in the nation to maintain stability since 2004.
  • Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and one of the least developed in the world, according to the United Nations. Most people rely on agriculture for a living, but the nation relies on imports for 80 percent of its food. Though most farmers own small farms, unreliable irrigation systems and manual cultivation techniques have led to poor productivity.
  • The average daily income for the nation is less than two American dollars. Eighty percent of Haitians live below the poverty line, and 54 percent exist in abject poverty.

Text and Photographs by Chen Jian-kai
Translated by Tang Yau-yang

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